تحلیل کیفی نقش عوامل جمعیت شناختی موثر بر بروز رفتارهای انحرافی بازیکنان لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 ایران، تهران ، پردیس البرز دانشگاه تهران، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، گروه مدیریت ورزشی

2 دانشگاه تهران

3 استاد، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف از انجام تحقیق حاضر شناسایی عوامل جمعیت شناختی موثر بر بروز رفتارهای انحرافی بازیکنان لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران بود که به شیوه کیفی در سال‌های 1396 و 1397 انجام گردید.
جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل کلیه مدیران باشگاه‌های حاضر (18 نفر) و روسای هیاات فوتبال دارای تیم (7 نفر) در لیگ برتر ایران در فصول شانزدهم و هفدهم و همچنین سایر کارشناسان فوتبال و اساتید دانشگاهی مرتبط با موضوع بودند که با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری هدفمند گلوله برفی تعداد 23 نفر از جامعه آماری به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. روش گردآوری داده ها در مرحله اول به صورت مطالعه کتابخانه ای و در مرحله دوم مصاحبه های کیفی بود. جهت تفسیر داده های حاصل از انجام مصاحبه های کیفی از روش نظریه برخاسته از داده‌ها (گرندد تئوری) استفاده شد که با انجام تعداد 25 مصاحبه مرحله اشباع نظری حاصل گردید. نتایج یافته های کیفی تحقیق نشان داد که عوامل جمعیت شناختی موثر بر بروز این رفتارها شامل مفاهیم کلی میزان تحصیلات، سن، وضعیت تاهل، پایگاه اجتماعی، پیشینه ورزشی و نگرش اجتماعی می باشد. لذا با توجه به نقش موثر عوامل مذکور پیشنهاد می‌گردد مدیران و برنامه‌ریزان حوزه ورزش حرفه‌ای با درنظر قراردادن تفاوت‌های بازیکنان خود نسبت به هدایت و رهبری آنها اهتمام ورزند.

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