طراحی مدل صلاحیت‌ها و ویژگی‌های حرفه‌ای معلمین تربیت بدنی و ورزش

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر، طراحی مدل صلاحیت‌ها و ویژگی‌های حرفه‌ای معلمین تربیت بدنی و ورزش بود. روش تحقیق از نوع توصیفی پیمایشی بود که به شکل میدانی انجام شد. جامعه آماری را کلیه معلمان تربیت بدنی و ورزش شهر تهران تشکیل دادند. جامعه آماری، کلیه دبیران تربیت بدنی و ورزش زن و مرد شهر تهران بودند که براساس برآوردهای صورت گرفته 650 نفر در نظر گرفته شد که با توجه جدول آماری (مورگان) نمونه آماری 242 نفر تعیین گردید. برای انتخاب نمونه به صورت نمونه گیری خوشه ای ـ تصادفی عمل شد. ابزار گردآوری داده‌های صلاحیت‌های حرفه‌ای معلمین تربیت بدنی پرسشنامه محقق ساخته‌ای بود که روایی صوری و محتوایی آن در پژوهش حاضر توسط متخصصین و اساتید دانشگاهی در حوزه آموزش و پرورش مورد بررسی و تأیید و همچنین روایی سازه ابزار با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آموس و پایایی ابزار (همسانی درونی) نیز جهت کل پرسشنامه مؤلفه‌های آن از طریق ضریب آلفای کرونباخ 88/0 =α به دست آمد. در بخش دوم آمار استنباطی از t تک نمونه، تحلیل عاملی تاییدی و مدل ساختاری استفاده شد. نتایج مدل پژوهش نشان داد که مولفه‌های صلاحیت‌های آموزشی و توسعه حرفه‌ای بیشترین بار عاملی و همچینین مولفه صلاحیت فناوری کمترین میزان بار عاملی را به خود اختصاص دادند. بنابراین حفظ رفتارهای مثبت معلمان نسبت به دانش آموزان و والدین باید مورد توجه و استفاده از فناوری‌های نوین در آموزش تقویت شود.

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